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From Andrea Vesalius, "De Humani corporis fabrica", woodcut, Basle, 1543.
With the imagery of Andrea Vesalius (Andreas van Wesel) anatomy took a great step forward. The art of printing was one prerequisite for this, but also a separation from the Galen tradition, that chiefly relied on animal dissection. Vesalius performed dissections already as a young and very talented student of medicine in Paris. But it was as a professor of medicine at Padua that he, 28 years old, published the Humani corporis fabrica (printed in Basle). The woodcuts were made under Vesalius' rigid supervision. Who made the original drawings is not known, but there has been some guesses, maybe Titian or one of his pupils, Joannes Stephanus of Calcar. Maybe Vesalius himself made some of the drawings. This is the sixth of fourteen muscle plates.
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